Ten I, Ten Tai, Ten Gi - San Mi Ittai

The three components

Ten I, Ten Tai and Ten Gi are the three basic components, it is how Wado operates. In face, every movement should use all three components. It may occur that only two out of three is used, but the ideal is to use all three of them, this is called San Mi Ittai.

Ten I 

転 = Change 
位 = Rank, place

転位 = Dislocate, reorganise

Ten I means to change location. The location you are now, is where the impact is going to take place, so it is not the most ideal place to be. Ten I reduces the chance of receiving the full impact. Furthermore, Ten I is a method to give your technique more speed and power.

Ten Tai 

転 = Change 
 = Body, state, form

Ten Tai means to change the shape of your body. You could simply say that you should twist your body. Surely, if you rotate your body clockwise or anti-clockwise, your body changes shape. Ten Tai is the second component which allows the attack to pass your body. It therefore has an avoiding function while at the same time creates more sharpness in your movement.

Ten Gi 

転 = Change 
 = Technique

Gi reminds most Karateka about their KarateGi or DoGi. The Kanji used for Gi can also be pronounced as Waza, which sounds more familiar when talking about techniques. For example, there is Tsukiwaza (punching techniques) Keriwaza (kicking techniques) and Kumitewaza (kumite techniques). I do not know why is pronounced as Gi. I have to ask this some day..

In any way, Ten Gi is the execution of the technique, which gets more sharpness, speed and weight by adding Ten I and Ten Tai.

Supportive material

Recent explanation by AJ sensei, using the first movement of Kihon Kumite ipponme.

Explanation of Ten I, Ten Tai and Ten Gi by Nukina sensei, during our Summer Camp in 2010.